Youth Homelessness in Canada

  • 40,000 – 50,000 young people are homeless in Canada at any given time
  • 20% of the Canadian Homelessness Population are youth between 16 and 24
  • 70% of homeless youth have experienced some form of sexual, physical or emotional abuse

Toronto

  • 10,000 youth are on the streets of Toronto each year
  • 45.7% of homeless youth reported being attacked in the past year
  • 65% of homeless youth come with families with substance abuse problems
  • 90% of homeless youth have experience abuse and poverty
  • 40% of youth arriving at shelters have gone without food at least one day in the past week
  • 34% of homeless have considered suicide

Kingston

  • 50% of youth in shelters are female – far higher than the national average
  • 40% of homeless youth identify as LGBT
  • 45 homeless youth in Kingston on any given night as of March 2013
  • 1/3 shelter users are youth, compared to 1/5 nationally
  • The lifetime cost of a homeless youth is over $1 million
  • 77% of homeless youth were approached for prostitution, drugs, criminal, or other exploitive activities within 45 minutes of when they arrived, unaccompanied, on the street

London

  • Shelters housing youth and adults were already operating at maximum capacity in 2004
  • ~330 emergency shelter beds, consistent 85% occupancy
  • Decrease in youngest age accessing emergency shelter from 18 to 16
  • Youth under 22 accessing emergency shelters increased from 133 in 2011to 195 in 2015
  • 42% of women accessing shelters are 29 and under vs 27% of males
  • Independent youth under the age of 22 experiencing homelessness increased by 94% between 2011 and 2014

 

Montréal

  • The mortality rate of homeless youth was 11 times higher than that of the housed youth population
  • Of 208 homeless youth questioned, 46% had attempted suicide at some point
  • 3,016 homeless were in Montreal on any given night in 2015; 19% were under 30 years of age
  • 30% of transitory housing occupants are homeless youth
  • 63% have pending legal troubles
  • 76% have a drug dependence or addiction
  • 62% have non-affective psychosis (for example, schizophrenia)

 

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