Youth Homelessness in Canada

  • 35,000-40,000 young people (ages 13-24) experience homelessness per year.

  • 20% of the Canadian homelessness population are youth between 13 and 24.

  • 68.7% have been victims of a crime (including 53.8% being physically and/or sexually assaulted).

  • 42% have attempted suicide at least once, and 35.2% have had at least one serious overdose.

Toronto

  • 10,000 youth are on the streets each year.

  • 45.7% of homeless youth reported being attacked in the past year.

  • 65% of homeless youth come with families with substance abuse problems.

  • 90% of homeless youth have experience abuse and poverty.

  • 40% of youth arriving at shelters have gone without food at least 1 day that week.

Kingston

  • 50% of youth in shelters are female – far higher than the national average.

  • 40% of homeless youth identify as LGBT.

  • 1 in 3 shelter users are youth, compared to 1 in 5 nationally.

  • 77% of homeless youth were approached for prostitution, drugs, criminal, or other exploitive activities within 45 minutes of arriving unaccompanied on the street.

London

  • 1100% increase in the number of independent youth under 19 years of age accessing emergency shelter between 2011 and 2016.

  • Average age of independent youth accessing emergency shelter in London dropped from 18 in 2011 to 14 in 2014.

  • 42% of females accessing emergency shelter were 29 years of age or younger between 2011 and 2016, in comparison to 28% of males in the same age range.

Montréal

  • The mortality rate of homeless youth is 11x higher than that of housed youth.

  • 30% of transitory housing occupants are youth.

  • 63% of homeless youth have pending legal troubles.

  • 76% have a drug dependence or addiction.

  • 62% have non-affective psychosis (for example, schizophrenia).

Hamilton

  • At least 750 street-involved and homeless youth in 2017.

  • 52% of homeless youth have histories of child welfare involvement.

  • 22% of children in Dundas in lone parent families live in poverty.

  • 1 out of 22 homeless youth has a child.

  • 41% have mental health issues.

  • 17% have/are involved in the criminal justice system.

 

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